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Lemon meringue pie

Lemon meringue pie is a classic dessert that consists of a tangy lemon custard filling and a light and fluffy meringue topping, all nestled in a buttery pie crust. The lemon filling is made from a combination of lemon juice, zest, sugar, eggs, and cornstarch, which is cooked until thickened and then poured into a pre-baked pie shell.

The meringue topping is made from whipped egg whites and sugar, which are carefully spread over the filling and baked until golden brown. Lemon meringue pie is a popular dessert in many countries and is often served during holidays and special occasions.

What country invented lemon meringue pie?

The exact origin of lemon meringue pie is uncertain, and it’s not clear which country invented it. However, it’s believed that the pie has its roots in Europe and has been popular in many countries, including the United States, France, and Britain, for many years.

One theory suggests that the pie was first created in the United States in the late 19th century, while another theory suggests that it may have been brought over to America by French settlers. Yet another theory proposes that the pie has English roots and was a favorite of Queen Victoria.

Regardless of its origin, lemon meringue pie has become a beloved dessert in many parts of the world and is often associated with spring and summer celebrations. It remains a popular dessert today and can be found in bakeries, restaurants, and homes around the globe.

What are the 3 types of meringue?

There are three types of meringue:

  1. French meringue: This is the most common type of meringue, made with whipped egg whites and granulated sugar. French meringue is the least stable of the three types and is usually used as a topping for pies and desserts.
  2. Swiss meringue: Swiss meringue is made by heating egg whites and sugar over a double boiler until the sugar dissolves, then whipping the mixture until it forms stiff peaks. Swiss meringue is more stable than French meringue and can be used for a wider range of applications, such as frosting cakes and making macarons.
  3. Italian meringue: Italian meringue is made by pouring a hot sugar syrup into whipped egg whites, then continuing to whip the mixture until it cools and forms stiff peaks. Italian meringue is the most stable of the three types and is often used as a base for mousses, soufflés, and other desserts that require a light, fluffy texture.

What is lemon meringue pie filling made of?

Lemon meringue pie filling is made of a few simple ingredients that come together to create a tangy, creamy, and slightly sweet filling. The filling is typically made with the following ingredients:

  1. Lemon juice: The primary flavor component of the filling is fresh lemon juice, which provides the tart and tangy taste.
  2. Lemon zest: The grated outer peel of the lemon adds an extra burst of lemon flavor to the filling.
  3. Sugar: Granulated sugar is added to balance out the tartness of the lemon and to sweeten the filling.
  4. Cornstarch: Cornstarch is used to thicken the filling and give it a creamy texture.
  5. Egg yolks: Egg yolks are added to the filling to help thicken it and create a rich and creamy consistency.
  6. Water: Water is used to help dissolve the sugar and cornstarch and create a smooth filling.

All of these ingredients are combined and cooked on the stovetop until the mixture thickens and becomes glossy. Once the filling has thickened, it is poured into a pre-baked pie crust and topped with whipped meringue before being baked until golden brown.

What is the difference between lemon cream pie and lemon meringue pie?

Lemon cream pie and lemon meringue pie are two different types of desserts that both feature a lemony filling, but they differ in their preparation and presentation.

Lemon meringue pie is made with a lemon custard filling that is topped with a fluffy, sweet meringue made from whipped egg whites and sugar. The pie is then baked until the meringue is lightly browned on top.

On the other hand, lemon cream pie is typically made with a creamy lemon filling that is similar to a lemon curd, which is a mixture of lemon juice, sugar, eggs, and butter that is cooked on the stovetop until thickened. The filling is then poured into a pre-baked pie crust and chilled until set. Lemon cream pie is usually topped with whipped cream or fresh berries instead of meringue.

So, the main difference between the two is that lemon meringue pie has a fluffy, baked meringue topping, while lemon cream pie has a creamy filling that is typically topped with whipped cream.

Should meringue be put on hot or cold filling?

Meringue should be put on hot filling. It’s important to add the meringue to the hot filling because the heat from the filling will help to cook the meringue, creating a fluffy and stable topping. If the filling has cooled completely, the meringue may not adhere properly or may weep or shrink during baking, resulting in a less-than-ideal texture.

To add the meringue, carefully spoon it onto the hot filling, making sure to spread it all the way to the edges of the pie crust to create a seal. The meringue should be piled high and spread evenly, with no gaps or air pockets. Once the meringue is in place, bake the pie immediately in a preheated oven until the meringue is golden brown and cooked through. It’s important to avoid over-baking the meringue, as this can cause it to become tough or rubbery.

How soon can you eat a lemon meringue pie?

Lemon meringue pie can be eaten as soon as it has cooled to room temperature, which usually takes about 2-3 hours. It’s important to let the pie cool completely before cutting into it, as this will help the filling to set properly and prevent it from oozing out when sliced.

After the pie has cooled, it can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 3-4 days. However, it’s best to eat it within the first day or two for the freshest taste and texture. The meringue topping may start to deflate or weep after a day or two in the fridge, so it’s best to consume the pie while the meringue is still fluffy and crisp.

What is the secret to making good meringue?

Making good meringue can be tricky, but there are a few secrets to success that can help you create a perfect topping for your lemon meringue pie. Here are some tips for making good meringue:

  1. Use room temperature egg whites: Cold egg whites are harder to whip and may not reach their full volume, so it’s best to let them come to room temperature before using them.
  2. Use a clean and dry bowl: Any grease, oil, or moisture in the mixing bowl can prevent the egg whites from whipping properly, so it’s important to use a clean and dry bowl.
  3. Add cream of tartar: Cream of tartar is an acid that helps to stabilize the egg whites and create a fluffier meringue. Add a pinch of cream of tartar to the egg whites before whipping.
  4. Gradually add sugar: Add the sugar to the egg whites gradually, one tablespoon at a time, while whipping on high speed. This will help to incorporate the sugar evenly and create a stable meringue.
  5. Whip to stiff peaks: Whip the egg whites until they form stiff peaks that hold their shape when the beaters are lifted. Over-whipping can cause the meringue to become dry and grainy, so it’s important to stop whipping when the peaks are stiff but still glossy.
  6. Spread the meringue evenly: When spreading the meringue over the filling, make sure to spread it all the way to the edges of the pie crust to create a seal. Pile the meringue high and spread it evenly, with no gaps or air pockets.

By following these tips, you can create a light, fluffy, and perfectly sweet meringue topping for your lemon meringue pie.

How to make lemon meringue pie

Here is a recipe for a classic lemon meringue pie:

Ingredients: For the crust:

  • 1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1/2 cup (1 stick) unsalted butter, chilled and cut into small pieces
  • 3-4 tbsp ice water

For the filling:

  • 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar
  • 1/4 cup cornstarch
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1 1/2 cups water
  • 4 egg yolks, lightly beaten
  • 1 tbsp grated lemon zest
  • 1/2 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice
  • 2 tbsp unsalted butter

For the meringue:

  • 4 egg whites
  • 1/4 tsp cream of tartar
  • 1/2 cup granulated sugar


  1. To make the crust, in a large bowl, whisk together the flour and salt. Add the butter and use a pastry cutter or your fingers to work the butter into the flour mixture until it resembles coarse crumbs. Gradually add the ice water, 1 tablespoon at a time, and mix until the dough comes together in a ball.
  2. Flatten the dough into a disk and wrap in plastic wrap. Refrigerate for at least 30 minutes.
  3. Preheat the oven to 375°F (190°C). Roll out the chilled dough on a floured surface and fit it into a 9-inch pie dish. Trim the edges and prick the bottom with a fork. Line the crust with parchment paper or foil and fill with pie weights or dried beans.
  4. Bake the crust for 15 minutes. Remove the weights and parchment paper and bake for an additional 10-12 minutes, or until lightly golden. Let the crust cool while you prepare the filling.
  5. To make the filling, in a medium saucepan, whisk together the sugar, cornstarch, and salt. Gradually whisk in the water, then the egg yolks, lemon zest, and lemon juice. Cook over medium heat, stirring constantly, until the mixture thickens and comes to a boil, about 8-10 minutes.
  6. Remove the pan from the heat and stir in the butter until melted. Pour the filling into the cooled crust.
  7. To make the meringue, in a large mixing bowl, beat the egg whites and cream of tartar on high speed until soft peaks form. Gradually add the sugar, 1 tablespoon at a time, and continue to beat until stiff, glossy peaks form.
  8. Spread the meringue over the filling, making sure to spread it all the way to the edges of the crust to create a seal. Use a spatula to create peaks and swirls in the meringue.
  9. Bake the pie for 10-12 minutes, or until the meringue is lightly golden. Let the pie cool completely at room temperature before serving or refrigerating.

How long does lemon meringue pie last?

Lemon meringue pie can last for up to 3-4 days when stored properly in the refrigerator. However, the meringue topping may start to deflate or weep after a day or two, so it’s best to consume the pie while the meringue is still fluffy and crisp.

To store lemon meringue pie, cover it tightly with plastic wrap or aluminum foil and place it in the refrigerator. Avoid stacking anything on top of the pie, as this can cause the meringue to flatten or become soggy.

It’s important to note that lemon meringue pie should not be left at room temperature for more than 2 hours, as it can become a breeding ground for bacteria. If you don’t plan on eating the pie within a few days, you can also freeze it for up to 2-3 months. To freeze, wrap the pie tightly in plastic wrap and then in aluminum foil or a freezer bag. When ready to eat, thaw the pie in the refrigerator overnight and then serve chilled.

How long can meringue sit out before baking?

It is not recommended to let meringue sit out before baking, as this can cause it to lose its volume and stability. Meringue is best whipped and used immediately while still fresh and fluffy.

If you need to hold the meringue for a short period of time before baking, it is best to keep it at room temperature for no more than 30 minutes. However, if you need to hold the meringue for a longer period of time, it’s best to place it in the refrigerator in a covered container for up to 24 hours before using.

Keep in mind that the longer the meringue sits before baking, the more likely it is to deflate or lose its structure, so it’s best to use it as soon as possible after whipping it.

Do you put lemon meringue pie in fridge?

Yes, lemon meringue pie should be stored in the refrigerator, as it contains perishable ingredients like eggs and dairy. The pie should be cooled to room temperature and then covered and refrigerated until ready to serve. It’s important to note that the meringue topping may start to deflate or weep after a day or two in the refrigerator, so it’s best to consume the pie while the meringue is still fluffy and crisp.

Does meringue need to be baked?

Yes, meringue needs to be baked in order to cook the egg whites and create a light, airy texture. When meringue is baked, the sugar in the mixture caramelizes and forms a crispy outer layer while the inside remains soft and fluffy. This creates a delicious and attractive topping for pies like lemon meringue pie.

To bake meringue, it is typically spread over a pie or baked separately on a baking sheet until golden brown. The baking time will vary depending on the recipe and the thickness of the meringue layer. It’s important to avoid over-baking the meringue, as this can cause it to become tough or dry.

How do you cut a lemon meringue pie?

Here are some tips for cutting a lemon meringue pie:

  1. Make sure the pie is chilled: Lemon meringue pie should be chilled before cutting, as this will make it easier to slice cleanly.
  2. Use a sharp knife: A sharp, thin-bladed knife is best for cutting through the delicate meringue and the tender crust without compressing the layers.
  3. Wipe the knife between cuts: After each slice, wipe the knife with a clean towel to remove any meringue or filling that may have stuck to it. This will ensure that each slice looks neat and presentable.
  4. Cut gently: Cut through the meringue and filling with a gentle sawing motion, being careful not to push down too hard and crush the layers.
  5. Serve with a pie server: Once you have cut the pie, use a pie server to carefully lift each slice onto a plate. This will help keep the slices intact and prevent the meringue from falling apart.

What are the common mistakes to avoid while preparing meringue?

Here are some common mistakes to avoid while preparing meringue:

  1. Using old egg whites: Fresh egg whites will create a more stable meringue with a better texture. Using old or stale egg whites can result in a weaker, less stable meringue.
  2. Adding sugar too quickly: When adding sugar to the egg whites, it’s important to add it slowly, one spoonful at a time, while continuously beating the mixture. Adding sugar too quickly can cause the meringue to become grainy or deflate.
  3. Not cleaning equipment properly: Any grease or residue on your mixing bowl or beaters can prevent the egg whites from whipping up properly. Make sure to clean all equipment thoroughly before starting, and avoid using plastic bowls, as they can hold onto traces of oil or fat.
  4. Overbeating the egg whites: Overbeating the egg whites can cause the meringue to become dry, grainy, or even collapse. It’s important to stop beating the egg whites once they have formed stiff peaks, and to avoid over-mixing them with the sugar.
  5. Adding toppings to a hot meringue: Adding toppings like fruit or whipped cream to a hot meringue can cause it to deflate or become watery. It’s best to let the meringue cool completely before adding any toppings.

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